The Ford 6.0L Powerstroke’s PCM generates trouble codes to alert users about internal issues. One of these codes is P0678 6.0 Powerstroke, related to the glow plug section.
If an individual encounters error code P0678 and desires an in-depth understanding of it, this article provides valuable insights. Within this article, a discussion ensues, covering symptoms and troubleshooting methods for users to explore and successfully implement.
What Significance Does the P0678 Code Hold for the 6.0L Powerstroke?
P0678 is one of the Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) for the Ford 6.0L Powerstroke. Precisely, P0678 pertains to the Cylinder 8 Glow Plug Circuit.
Each of the eight cylinders in diesel engines features a glow plug at the top. The primary function of these glow plugs is to heat the fuel, ensuring proper engine ignition.
All eight glow plugs must operate optimally for the engine to start promptly. The malfunction of any glow plug can impede the vehicle’s starting performance, particularly in cold conditions.
The Powertrain Control Module (PCM) vigilantly monitors each glow plug. Any unusual activity with the #8 Glow plug triggers the generation of DTC P0678.
Manifestations of the P0678 Code on a 6.0L Powerstroke
The P0678 code manifests itself through several discernible symptoms.
Below are the most prevalent indicators of error code P0678:
- Extended Engine Starting Time
- Diminished Power During Start-Up
- Occasional Failure to Start in Cold Temperatures
- Evident Issues with Acceleration
- Persistent Preheat Light, Signifying an Ongoing Preheat Phase
- Illumination of the Engine Warning Light
The presence of two or more of these symptoms typically indicates the occurrence of error code P0678, and it is advisable not to disregard them.
Root Causes of Error Code P0678 6.0 Powerstroke
Error code P0678 does not emerge without underlying reasons or causes. To provide clarity, the following are the most common factors contributing to the occurrence of DTC P0678:
- Defective or Damaged Cylinder Glow Plugs (8 in Total)
- Malfunctioning Glow Plug Relays or Timers
- Worn-Out Wiring and Damaged Connectors
- Open or Shorted Glow Plug Circuit
- Malfunctioning Glow Plug Control Module
Although all these factors revolve around glow plugs, they should be considered. To gauge the severity of this DTC, proceed to the following section.
The Severity of Code P0678 6.0 Powerstroke
Glow plugs are pivotal in initiating engine ignition, especially in colder conditions. The vehicle remains drivable when one or more of these glow plugs malfunction.
However, driving with a malfunctioning glow plug or DTC P0678 can lead to several complications. Expect difficulties in starting the engine, including instances where the engine refuses to start altogether.
Resolving the P0678 Error Code on a 6.0L Powerstroke
Addressing this issue primarily involves addressing the glow plug, making glow plug replacement a likely solution. For comprehensive insight into this and other methods, proceed to the following section.
- Reset the Error Code with an OBD-II Scanner
- Obtain an OBD-II scanner to diagnose the DTC P0678. Erase or reset the DTC using the scanner and monitor if it reoccurs. The code can appear due to intermittent issues or falsely stored codes. If the error code persists, proceed to the subsequent methods.
- Inspect and Replace the #8 Cylinder Glow Plug
- Error code P0678 predominantly suggests a malfunction in the #8 cylinder glow plug. Begin by inspecting this glow plug for ease using a digital volt/ohm meter.
First, detach the #8 cylinder glow plug from the cylinder top and initiate a thorough examination. Utilize the digital volt/ohmmeter to measure the voltage across the glow plug.
The glow plug is considered functional if the reading falls within the 0.5 to 2.0 ohms range. Any reading outside this range indicates a faulty glow plug that should be promptly replaced.
- Examine and Replace the Glow Plug Relay or Timer
- Identify the glow plug relay or timer, typically located in the engine compartment or main fuse box. This component controls all eight glow plugs, functioning as a switch for their activation.
Thoroughly inspect the relay for any signs of burns or anomalies. Should any irregularities be detected, replace the relay promptly.
- Inspect and Replace Wires, Connectors, and Fuses
- Take the opportunity to scrutinize components that are often overlooked. Examine the wiring associated with the glow plug and glow plug relay for any signs of damage or burns.
In addition to wires, assess connectors and fuses. Blown fuses should be replaced, and connectors showing visible signs of wear or damage should also be attended to.
Cost Implications of Rectifying the Error Code P0678
The overall cost of addressing error code P0678 varies depending on the specific vehicle and the extent of part replacement required. It is advisable to acquaint oneself with individual replacement costs before calculating the total expense.
Here are the estimated replacement costs:
- A single glow plug typically costs between $10 to $12.
- Glow plug relay/timer replacement ranges from $60 to $70.
- Replacement of wiring connectors, wires, and fuses can cost anywhere from $100 to $500.
For individuals seeking professional assistance from an auto shop, an additional labor fee of $75 to $150 per hour should be factored into the total cost.
Common Pitfalls to Avoid when Resolving the P0678 Code
Mistakes can be inherent to the process of addressing the P0678 code. To minimize the likelihood of errors, consider the following common pitfalls and take measures to avoid them:
- Avoid hastily replacing the relay/timer; begin by examining the glow plug first.
- Ensure thorough inspection of electrical components such as wires, connectors, and fuses to prevent oversight of potential issues.
Additional Insights on the P0678 Code
The P0678 code itself does not pose an extreme threat. Its impact is primarily felt in colder conditions when the vehicle may experience difficulties starting.
Whether residing in a warm or cold region, addressing and rectifying DTCs promptly is advisable to maintain the vehicle’s optimal performance.
This article aspires to provide comprehensive insights into the P0678 6.0 Powerstroke error code. Armed with this knowledge, readers are equipped to diagnose the code effectively.
The choice between performing the necessary work independently to save on labor fees or engaging the services of a technician is ultimately at the discretion of the vehicle owner.